Fetal Macrosomia – Pregnancy issues that women face
Fetal macrosomia is the term used in describing a newborn with a larger body than normal.
The baby having this condition has more weight than average. Your baby may weigh from 8 pounds to even greater. And it does not depend on the age in the womb. Many babies undergo such conditions weighing 8 pounds, 13 ounces, approximately equal to 4 thousand grams.
Many risks are associated with macrosomia. And the risks become challenging when the weight crosses 8 pounds, which means it becomes 9 pounds, 15 ounces equal to 4500 grams.
If you haven’t read the article about things to take care of before pregnancy, you must read it.
It may also cause complications in normal vaginal delivery, and you have to go for a C section. Moreover, it can cause injuries to your baby during delivery, and the baby can have health problems after birth.
Signs and symptoms
There are a lot of signs and symptoms about the issues of the increased weight of your child.
Large fundal height due to fetal macrosomia
If you are having any complications, your fundal height will be larger than normal. If there is a larger size of fundal height detected, there are chances that your baby might be having a larger weight and size than normal.
Excess amniotic fluid
Another symptom includes an excess of amniotic fluid. You may have an excess of amniotic fluid during pregnancy in your womb if your baby is way larger than normal size.
Basically, when a baby urines, the amniotic food gets determined. If your baby is larger or bigger in size, it will produce more urine than normal. Hence, doctors can determine that you are facing complications.
Causes of fetal macrosomia
There are several causes of such complications. The major cause can be genetic factors like obesity or if you are a diabetic patient. As a result, your baby faces such medical conditions. Similarly, sometimes you might not know why your baby weighs more than average.
There are several factors, and the most important are:
Suppose you have diabetes before pregnancy; there are more chances that you might have complications with your baby, including fetal macrosomia. In such cases, your baby will have larger body parts like shoulders, etc.
Sometimes, if you gave birth to a baby with having a large body previously, there are chances that your future baby will have the same complications. There is an increased risk of babies born with such complications. So, you might be careful.
As discussed earlier, fetal macrosomia can be caused due to overweight. If you have more weight than normal, you can have complications with your baby. To avoid such complications, you must be very careful.
Boys are slightly larger than girls and weigh more. Suppose you are having a baby boy, so there are chances that your baby may have fetal macrosomia.
Suppose you have been pregnant for more than nine months; there are chances that your baby may get such complications.
Your age is also the biggest factor. There are many women over 35 years that reported the same issues.
Fetal macrosomia can cause a risk to you and your baby’s health. You must be really careful about that. You can face problems even after the delivery.
Maternal risks and fetal macrosomia
If you have such complication, you can face many risks that are:
Your body can face many complications because of such complications. The birth canal is wedged, and sure to this, your baby face injuries while coming out. These injuries can even become serious. So the only thing you can do is undergo a C section.
The urine muscles may rupture, and you can face bleeding after delivery. This bleeding can be unstoppable and severe too. Moreover, you can face urine rupture too. If you give birth to a baby by normal delivery, there are more chances that you will face a urine rupture. It is the condition when the uterus tears down, and you have to go under surgery.
Newborn complications due to fetal macrosomia
Your newborn can also face many complications too. These may include:
If your baby is suffering from fetal macrosomia, there are chances that your baby will suffer from lower sugar levels.
Obesity due to fetal macrosomia
Your newborn will become obese if not taken care of properly. You must take great care of your child before birth. Otherwise, your child will become obese abnormally. Moreover, your baby can have metabolic syndrome due to such complications. In such cases, your baby will have raised sugar levels with an abnormality in the organs’ growth. Moreover, your baby will have raised cholesterol levels and abnormal growth of the body organs.
Preventions for fetal macrosomia
There are many things that you can do to prevent fetal macrosomia. But the best thing to do is to contact a doctor and ask for help. The doctor will help you for sure.
Fetal macrosomia and you
You might hear several disorders that your baby can face, and these complications are sometimes common while rare other times. Fetal microsomia is one of those complications. It happens when the weight of the child is more than average. Your child may weigh 8 pounds while being in your womb. There are many reasons behind it, and the main reason is a genetic disorder due to the mother. Moreover, 9% of children underdo such situations, and there is no specific solution. If you are diabetic or obese before pregnancy or during pregnancy, there are chances that your baby can have such complications. Moreover, your baby can have a specific body part enlarged. It is not always due to weight issues. Boys can have more risks of getting such—complications than girls. There are no such preventions. All you have to do is talk to a doctor and get some help.